It is very easy to create a beautiful green lawn – you need to use artificial grass. Let’s figure out the pros and cons.
What is artificial turf
The British say that it is easy to equip a beautiful natural lawn. It only takes a hundred years to care for the weed every day. But what if you want to get the result faster? Artificial grass comes to the rescue. This is a synthetic covering. The base of the lawn is made of polypropylene. “Blades of grass”, synthetic fibers covered with silicone, are vertically attached to it. There is a rubber backing underneath. Drainage grooves are laid on top so that rain and snow water does not linger on the surface, but flows off the surface.
Artificial lawns are used for arranging football fields, sports grounds, parks, and landscaping.
Varieties of artificial turf
Manufacturers put a layer of quartz or rubber granulate sand between the “blades of grass”. There are the following types of artificial grass:
- Backfill, with a lot of aggregate. This version of the lawn is used for arranging places where intensive movement of people is expected, playing sports. The padding reduces slipping on the grass and minimizes the likelihood of injury from a fall.
- Unfilled, without filler. Grass of this type is used to create decorative structures in places where constant movement of people is not expected. For example, an unsalted lawn is used to equip alpine slides.
- Combined option. Semi-backfilled lawn represents the “golden mean” between backfilled and non-backfilled type of coverage. They equip places of average cross-country ability. Artificial grass of this type is used in playgrounds, lawns, tennis courts, pathsides. The filler is quartz sand.
The artificial turf completely imitates natural grass. You can choose darker or lighter types of coverage that fit perfectly into the exterior of the site.
Artificial turf benefits
After football became fashionable, it turned out that it is not easy to constantly look after the field on which the real grass grows. Irrigation takes up to 100 thousand liters of water per week. The grass is trampled, burns out in the sun, requires constant care. Synthetic analogs of natural coatings have been created. Gradually, artificial turf began to be used not only on public playgrounds and sports grounds, but also in private households. The popularity of synthetic grass is due to the following advantages:
- The artificial turf does not need to be watered, fertilized, sown, or weeded out. The hassle with it is much less than with real grass.
- The coating has excellent performance properties. Artificial grass is durable, wear-resistant, does not fade in the sun, and withstands mechanical stress. It is impossible to trample it. The rubber base is water repellent. The service life of the lawn reaches 10 years, with proper care.
- Dense coating evens out uneven surfaces.
- The artificial turf has an attractive appearance. The synthetic grass lawns look great no matter the season.
- The coating can be used in regions where the cultivation of natural lawn grass is impossible due to the harsh climatic conditions.
- A large selection of colors, the degree of density and rigidity, the height of the “blades of grass”.
- Ease of installation and maintainability of the coating. A worn-out piece of lawn can be cut out and replaced with a new one. The joints are completely invisible.
- Fire safety. Rubber base and polypropylene grass do not burn, but melt under high temperature.
The use of an artificial backfill lawn allows you to minimize injuries from accidental falls. Even wet filled grass prevents the sole from slipping on the surface.
Disadvantages of synthetic turf
Artificial grass has so many advantages that the question arises – why is this coating not used everywhere, because it is so convenient? Not so simple. The lawn has significant disadvantages:
- Heating in the sun. Unlike natural grass, which stays cool even in extreme heat, artificial fibers can heat up to + 60 degrees in summer. This property makes artificial lawns not very comfortable in the summer heat.
- A coating that is impervious to water can pose a serious health hazard. In moist artificial grass, pathogens and bacteria multiply very quickly in the sun. If you get injured on the football field, there is a high risk of infection in the wound.
- Rubber and synthetics heated in the sun create an environmentally unfriendly atmosphere. Harmful toxic substances that are dangerous to human health can be released into the air.
- High price. A quality artificial turf with drainage grooves and a dense base is expensive. Not every summer resident will be able to afford to equip a lawn with such a coating.
- The need for constant care and the use of special cleaning agents and devices.
The unsheltered lawn becomes very slippery after rain, and in winter, when the snow melts in the sun, it turns into a real ice rink. When choosing a coating, this property must be taken into account. If all-season operation of artificial grass without bedding is expected, then it is better to lay it in places where people will not walk.
How to lay artificial turf
Before laying the lawn, the soil must be carefully leveled, weeds removed, and stones, sticks, and debris must be removed. The soil will have to be impregnated with a composition that prevents the growth of real grass. The lawn is sold in rolls. Before laying it, you need to spread it and hold it for some time so that the pile straightens and the coating takes a horizontal position. The lawn is cut with a sharp knife. The strips are laid overlapping or butt to each other. In the latter case, the pieces of the lawn are secured from the seamy side with adhesive tape. It is rolled over the coating with a special roller with needles. The edges of the lawn are fixed to the ground with wooden slats. After laying, the grass must be watered to ensure the adhesion of the cover to the soil.
Synthetic turf care
If a lawn with bedding was purchased, then it will have to be “combed” for 1.5 – 2 months every week. This is done so that the filler layer is evenly distributed over the base. For “combing” a brush in the form of a rectangular or triangular frame with medium soft bristles is used.
If the coating does not have a rubberized backing, then sometimes it will have to be weeded. Weeds grow through the synthetic base and ruin the appearance of the lawn. Garbage – leaves, twigs, branches must be removed immediately. When decomposing, organic matter clogs the drainage system and promotes the development of pathogens. To prevent this, the grass will have to be regularly treated with antiseptic solutions.
It is not recommended to install barbecues and barbecues on an artificial lawn. Embers will damage the villi. It is also better to exclude contact of the coating with sharp and sticky objects.
Post time: Aug-23-2021